Shipping is the act of moving goods from one location to another such as moving merchandise from the warehouse to the customer. After the manufacture and packing of the goods, a shipping or logistics company controls the shipping process. Several types of shipping are available depending on how far a shipment must go and how quickly it must arrive. The cheapest mode of shipping is by ground, however, it is the least efficient method. Ground shipping can take an additional ten days during peak holiday shipping periods. The fastest delivery method is air freight; however, this is more expensive as well. International shipments can be sent via ocean shipping, which is very cost-effective. Also, the process is highly time-consuming, sometimes taking six weeks to complete. Airfreight can help address this problem, but it can also be costly. Then comes shipping through Sea routes. By sea, ships are used to transport large amounts of goods. Upon loading a vessel, goods are packed into containers. Around 18,000 containers can be transported on a cargo ship, so it won’t be wrong to say that sea freight is a cost-effective way to transport large quantities over long distances.
Shipping through sea routes can take place using a variety of methods.
- Customers can buy and send one or more full containers on a ship by purchasing an FCL.
- Less than container load means a customer may not need a full container if his/her items are less than that. They are divided again once they reach their destination.
- Roll on roll off, in which customers don’t need to leave his cargo ship for his products to board. Vehicles drive onto a ship and then go off from the other end.
- Dry bulk shipping involves loading specific items into the ship’s hold rather than in a container.
WHAT IS THE PROCESS?
As part of the network of supply chains, sea freight is just one part. It is common for companies to utilize a specific third-party logistics company to ship goods securely and legally. The benefits of third-party logistics providers include knowing all of the requirements and not having to deal with multiple shipping companies.
The shipping company will pick up the goods from the customer’s supplier and move them through the port in one of the forms previously mentioned. It is worth noting that delivery times should include a delay as they pass through customs on both sides.
In cases, where customers don’t have enough products, even with LCL as an option, then he or she may be better off sending his/her products via air freight or courier. Unlike larger vehicles, these use smaller vehicles to transport smaller quantities of goods; the cost of these is higher.
DOES FREIGHT DIFFER FROM SHIPPING?
Shipment and freight are closely related terms. Methods have advantages, disadvantages, and challenges of their own and shouldn’t be compared. Freight and shipping are both methods of transporting goods, irrespective of whether they are performed on land, air, or sea. Freight and shipping are both used to describe bulk transportation of goods, but freight is always the larger quantity, whereas shipping refers to a smaller amount. Transport for commercial reasons is freight. Both commercial and personal shipping of goods is possible. Since shipping goods in bulk is less expensive than shipping smaller quantities, it is generally cheaper to ship goods by ship.
BENEFITS OF SHIPPING THROUGH SEA ROUTES
- Easy to move heavy or oversized products
- Easily transport long distances at an affordable price
There are some disadvantages to this.
- One of the largest disadvantages when it comes to shipping through sea rates is time – it takes days to get goods from one place to another.
- For smaller quantities of goods, the price is unsustainable.
SHIPPING TO INDIA FROM THE USA
Shipping to India from the USA can be booked in five simple steps:
- Complete packing process
- Measure your package (W x H x L in. ) and weight (lbs.)
- Use the shipping calculator to enter the dimensions and weight of your package.
- Be sure to give them a description and value for the items you’re shipping.
- Complete the destination and origin addresses.
Tax on imported goods – India
During shipping to India from USA, it is possible to import items without paying any additional import tax. No import duty is required when defective items are shipped to India for repair.
Additionally, India grants a pass to shipments that are made for theatrical productions, filmmaking projects, and expeditions. It is also possible to send some engineering prototypes and commercial samples without paying taxes. Several personal effects, including clothing, are prohibited from importation to India and require special clearance. The courier partners are unable to ship packages to India containing used personal effects, and if they do, they can be delayed in customs for up to 4 weeks while the clearance process is undertaken. Oxygen concentrators and personal protective equipment used in the medicinal treatment are prohibited from entering India. Medical goods must meet India’s strict requirements for the import of medical goods and thus can only be brought into India on a no-compensation basis.
ADVICE TO CUSTOMERS
Shipping to India requires adherence to its rules and regulations, and import regulations are administered by the Central Board of Excise and Customs. The Government of India is cautious about goods entering the country, so your package will be thoroughly inspected.
Make sure to complete a customs declaration form that details the contents of your package and its value so that your package will not be delayed in customs. Additionally, ensure you include up-to-date contact information for the recipient so they can be contacted by Customs to pay any owed duties.
Importing and exporting to India are prohibited for the following items:
- Gender prediction kits for babies
- Used goods
- Personal effects
- Medical equipment (including PPE and oxygen concentrators)
- Travel maps
- Money orders
- Abrasive products that are made of natural materials
- No-signature credit cards
- Jewelry made of precious metals
- Electronic cigarettes
- Seeds and other plant materials
- Iran made products
In case of doubt about any of the items listed above, please contact the customer support team.
Shipping to India from USA is usually done in 1-3 business days with an expedited shipping service or in 11-22 business days with the economy shipping.
Below are some examples of discount courier services available from the United States to India:
- Economy shipping to India
- Shipping from the US to India can be very cheap with this method. Packages up to 99lbs can be delivered to India with this FedEx service within 2-5 business days.
- Expedited shipping to India
- Using it, you can ship packages to India in just 1-3 business days from the US. It is operated by FedEx and can be scheduled as a courier pick up for a small extra fee.
- In 2-5 business days, UPS Worldwide Expedited delivers tracked packages to India.
- They are ideally suited to large and heavy items.
Delivery times are based on estimates provided to us by the carriers and are based on significant hubs. It could take longer in remote areas.
OBSTACLES IN THE SHIPPING PROCESS
The shipping through sea routes process poses challenges for importers and exporters, as there are many steps, players, and documents involved. The following are some of the most challenging situations they can face:
- Failure to provide correct and complete information in required documents
- Insufficient knowledge of exchange rates, packaging and marking regulations, and restrictions on certain products
- A preliminary verification of a supplier’s (exporter’s) or customer’s (importer’s) reputation
- Payments are unclear and cannot be secured to establish good ties with customs authorities
- Insufficient intermediaries (freight forwarders, customs house agents) to facilitate smooth transactions
- Blind reliance on middlemen/intermediaries
PLAYERS INVOLVED IN THE SHIPPING PROCESS
A buyer is an importer. The customer identifies the need for a product in a particular location, finds the best supplier globally, and places an order. Three types of importers exist:
- Actual User
An individual who uses the imported goods personally is known as actual user. Industrial users (these users use the goods in a manufacturing facility) or non-industrial users (these users use the goods for their personal use in a commercial facility, a lab, a research institute, a university, or a hospital) can handle these items.
- Established Importer
A quota holder is an established importer who, as the name implies, receives quotas based on the imports of the past.
- Registered exporter
An exporter registered with the Government to import goods under its export promotion programs is a registered exporter.
The seller is the exporter. A buyer requires a manufacturer or a supplier of a product.
Exporters fall into several categories:
- Merchant exporter- By procuring the product from a market or manufacturer, he exports it in his name
- Manufacturer exporter- Raw materials are procured, goods are manufactured, and the finished goods are exported.
- Service exporter- Services (software, consulting services, etc.) are exported by him.
- Third-Party Exporter- He exports goods and services on behalf of another exporter (a manufacturer).
- Project exporter- Contracts for goods and services (design, prototyping, manufacturing, etc.) earn him foreign exchange
- The deemed export- Using Indian currency, he sells products that don’t leave the country. Whenever the goods are being used for specific projects (UN agencies, power plants, nuclear power plants, etc) it qualifies as an export.
Trade between countries is facilitated by banks. They act as financiers by providing loans and trade finance products, such as Letters of Credit and Documentary Collections. It is a written agreement between a bank and an importer that the bank will pay the exporter an agreed-upon sum. In a Documentary Collection, the bank attends to the collection of the payment due to an exporter from the importer’s bank. Additionally, banks handle trade contracts and store documents and goods. Business dealings involving imports and exports require documents.
4. Insurance Company
Risks can arise when it comes to shipping, including cargo loss, cargo damage, delays, and added costs associated with factors such as natural disasters, human error, theft, or piracy. A company’s insurance policy helps cover these risks.
5. Freight Forwarder
Cargo is the cargo carried by ships, and a freight forwarder coordinates with all the other players in the ocean freight business (port and customs authorities, shipping companies, etc.). He is responsible for negotiating for better routes and rates, handling paperwork and other formalities, organizing land transportation, advising importers and exporters, and much more.
6. Shipping Company
The company that owns the carrier (ship) delivering the goods from the port of loading to the port of destination.
7. Customs House Agent (CHA)
Customs agents help exporters and importers obtain customs clearance for their shipments.
8. Customs Authorities
In international trade, the customs authorities of at least two countries are involved – the country of export and the country of import. Goods are cleared when they leave the country of export and when they enter the country of import.
9. Port Authorities
As with customs authorities, the port authorities of at least two countries are involved in the shipping process. Ships loaded with goods are cleared for export in the exporting country. Providing clearance to import goods into a country is their task.
10. Intermodal Transport Providers
Transportation providers include rail and road, which help move goods from factories and warehouses to ports of loading, then from the port of destination to the final destination.
Have you ever thought about the fact that more than 80% of international trade is carried out by sea, or 11 billion tonnes annually?
According to industry estimates, maritime trade or international shipping accounts for more than $4.5 trillion in goods each year. In the context of international trade, shipping is, therefore, a vital element, since it links countries, businesses, and people around the world. This also speeds up the process of moving goods on a larger scale that would otherwise be impossible.
An international trade transaction’s success depends on how well the shipping process is handled. From start to finish, the shipping process touches upon the following topics:
- Shippers and their roles in the shipping process
- Step-by-step guide
It is a misconception that international shipping starts when products are loaded onto ships. When an importer learns he needs a particular product, he floats an inquiry to procure it. In this sense, the shipping process involves the movement of goods and documents from the place of origin to the place of destination. It is critical that goods and documents are transferred from one party to another in a highly synchronized manner in order to ensure success.
HOW DO I SELECT A SHIPPING CARRIER?
Shipping through sea routes is a difficult problem for any merchant to solve. Various shipping options, including flat-rate shipments and priority mail shipping, are offered by each of the major carriers.
You have nothing to fear!
In researching the advantages and disadvantages of the major shipping services, we surveyed merchants about their interactions with UPS (United Parcel Service), FedEx, and USPS (United States Postal Service). Find out what each shipping carrier does well and what they could improve by reading on. As you explore your fulfillment options, please keep this information in mind.
FOR SMALL PACKAGES: USPS IS BEST
Since it is an independent federal agency, the United States Postal Service stands out on this list as a shipping carrier. In addition to providing postal services to every resident in the United States, the USPS guarantees that “neither snow, rain, heat, nor darkness” will prevent it from delivering letters and packages to American mailboxes (although freezing rain usually does the trick).
Merchants that ship lighter and smaller items often choose USPS as their primary shipping option. There is, however, a downside to USPS. Is USPS the best option for you? Read on to find out.
Major advantages of opting for USPS:
- Small packages are delivered for the lowest price
- Mailboxes and PO boxes delivered
- for free
- Saturday delivery
Some of the drawbacks that are need to be considered:
- Support is poor
- There is limited tracking
OPTIONS FOR USPS SHIPPING
There are several services offered by the USPS, such as domestic and international mail.
An overview of the USPS’s services is provided below:
USPS Domestic Mail & Shipping
Following are the shipping services available for packages being shipped within the United States.
Shipping Services and USPS Delivery Time is listed below:
USPS Retail Ground: 2-8 business days
Media Mail: 2-8 business days
First-Class Mail: 1-3 business days
Priority Mail: 1-3 business days
Priority Mail Express: Overnight to 2 days
- USPS International Mail & Shipping
International shipping is also available through USPS, with different delivery times.
USPS International Shipping Services and USPS Delivery Time is listed below:
Global Express Guaranteed: 1-3 business days
Priority Mail International Service: 6-10 business days
Priority Mail Express International: 3-5 business days
First-Class Package International Service: Varies by destination
First-Class Mail International: Varies by destination
Airmail M-Bags: Varies by destination
- OTHER SERVICES
Aside from shipping services, the USPS also provides a variety of other services, such as
- Free priority mail and priority mail express services
- Get your shipments picked up at no charge
- Military shipping
- Free shipping insurance
- USPS tracking
- Certified mail
- Return receipts
- Purchase money orders
- Customized mail, stamps, and envelope
FOR BIGGER PACKAGES – UPS IS BEST
Would UPS be a good fit for your business?
UPS might be known for delivering Amazon purchases to your doorstep. Some people may know it for its brown trucks or ubiquitous shipping offices. The United Parcel Service (UPS) specializes in fast, secure deliveries and can be easily recognized by its logo. The robust tracking system and reliability of UPS are particularly appreciated by eCommerce merchants. UPS has its advantages, but it also has its disadvantages. UPS’s services may be more expensive than those provided by USPS, depending on the size of the shipment.
Amazing benefits that UPS offers:
- Express delivery guaranteed
- Heavy shipments are often affordable
- A great tracking system
Few drawbacks that you might face:
- Packages cannot be picked up for free
- An additional charge for Saturday deliveries
UPS Shipping Options:
UPS provides international and domestic shipping services, such as express shipments, air shipments, ground delivery, and freight transportation.
Here is a list of UPS’s main categories of shipping services, which we have arranged for ease of use. The services in these categories have multiple subcategories. “UPS Worldwide Express” includes, for example, UPS Worldwide Express Plus, UPS Worldwide Express Shipping, UPS Worldwide Express Freight, UPS Worldwide Express NA1, and UPS Worldwide Express Freight Midday. The UPS website lists all of UPS’s shipping services. Alternatively, you can view our simplified lists below.
UPS Domestic Mail & Shipping
UPS offers several options for shipping packages in the United States. Here are a few of them.
UPS Domestic Service UPS and Delivery Times is listed below:
UPS Standard: 3+ days
UPS Ground: 1-5 days
UPS Hundredweight Service: 1-5 days
UPS 3Day Select: 3 days
UPS 2nd Day Air: 2 days
UPS Next Day Air: Next business day
UPS Express Critical: Same day
UPS International Shipping
There are several shipment times available for UPS’s international shipping services. Some of UPS’s options are outlined below.
UPS International Shipping Service and UPS Delivery Times is listed below:
UPS Express Critical: Same day
UPS Worldwide Express: 1-3+ days
UPS Worldwide Expedited: 2-3+ days
UPS Freight Shipping Services
In addition to domestic and international delivery services, UPS provides freight shipping services. These include:
- UPS Air Freight
- UPS Ocean Freight
- UPS Freight Tracking and LTL Solutions
- UPS Worldwide Expedited Ground Freight
You can obtain more information about freight shipping from UPS.
Other UPS Services
Additionally, UPS offers a variety of value-added services at an additional cost. These include:
- Delivery confirmation
- Collect on delivery
- Delivery change request
- Direct delivery only
- Hold for pickup
- Saturday delivery
- Notification services
- Shipper release
- Customs brokerage
- UPS delivery intercept
- Daily pickups
- UPS returns
FOR EXPRESS DELIVERIES-FEDEX IS THE BEST
I have heard and seen that there isn’t much of a difference between FedEx and UPS from online sellers. You’re going to complain a lot about this in the comments section, but in my opinion, they’re pretty similar.
Many merchants choose FedEx over UPS because of its location. You might have a different experience, however. Regardless, here are some tips on how FedEx can be even better.
Benefits to know:
- Tracking is good
- Delivery on Saturday
- Discounts are available
Drawbacks of choosing FEDEX;
- Packages cannot be picked up for free
- There are fewer offices
FedEx Shipping Options
FedEx provides domestic and international shipping services for envelopes, packages, and freight.
FedEx Domestic Mail & Shipping
FedEx is a domestic shipping service provider that offers a variety of packages within the United States.
Listed below are the main options and the expected delivery times.
FedEx Domestic Shipping Services and FedEx Shipping Schedules is listed below:
1-7 business days for FedEx Ground
FedEx Express Saver: three business days
FedEx 2Day: two business days
FedEx Overnight: The next business day
Priority Overnight: Mid-morning the next business day
FedEx First Overnight: The next working day
FedEx International Shipping
Additionally, FedEx offers international shipping services, with time-sensitive delivery options.
FedEx International Shipping Services and FedEx Delivery Times:
FedEx International Ground: 2-7 business days
FedEx International Economy: 2-5 business days
FedEx International Priority: 1-3 business days
FedEx International First: Early morning delivery in 1-3 days
FedEx International Next Flight: ASAP — next available flight
FedEx Freight Shipping
FedEx also provides a wide range of domestic and international freight shipping services, including:
- First Overnight Shipping by FedEx
- One Day Freight by FedEx
- 2Day FedEx Freight
- Three-Day shipping from FedEx
- Priority FedEx Freight
- Freight Economy with FedEx
- FedEx International Flight Next
- Priority International Shipping by FedEx
- Economy International Freight from FedEx
- Priority FedEx Freight
- FedEx Economy Freight
Details on freight shipping can be obtained by contacting FedEx directly.
Other FedEx Services
FedEx also offers several value-added services, like the two other shipping carriers. The following is a sample of what’s available:
- Services related to packaging
- Shipment pickup scheduled
- For delivery, a signature is required.
- Insurance for shipping
- Some services deliver on Saturday free of charge
- FedEx Express packaging is provided
FINDING THE PERFECT BALANCE BETWEEN USPS, UPS, AND FEDEX
Choose more than one shipping provider when choosing a shipping carrier for your business. The majority of merchants use the fastest, most cost-effective delivery service by combining two or even three.
Shipping light packages with USPS and shipping heavy packages with UPS, for example, may save you money on shipping. FedEx is the only company that handles expedited shipments, so everything else should be sent through the USPS. Shipping rate depends on your business model, the average weight of your orders, and the destinations you are shipping to.
CUSTOMS ADVICE FOR SENDING A PACKAGE TO INDIA
Customer will be required to provide a customs declaration form if he is shipping to India from USA. The reservations team will assist him in completing this step.
Few relevant questions will be asked, then the service team will provide him with a customs form that he can fill out and attach to his package.
The items he ships to India will be subject to duty unless the item is exempt from duty. Most items sent are Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU), which means that customs will contact the recipient to collect any duties due. The value of gifts sent to India will be exempt from customs duties if they are for personal use and are up to Rs 5,000.
Due to some online retailers misusing the duty exemption for gifts, the Government has considered removing it; however, as of now, if a customer sends a gift to someone in India valued at Rs 5000 or less, it’s duty-free.
HOW LONG IS THE ESTIMATED DELIVERY TIME FOR THE PACKAGE?
Take into consideration how quickly you need the package to arrive before you pick the delivery method. Transit times depend on two key factors-
1. The shipping destination
2. The courier service chosen
In the marketplace, you can select a courier and he or she will provide an estimated delivery time while handling the goods.
We encourage you to share the tracking information with the recipient so they can track the arrival of the package. You can view the estimated arrival time with the recipient. You should always include the recipient’s contact information when booking so that the delivery courier can reach them if necessary.
As an alternative, you can choose a slower economy service such as DHL eCommerce if you’re trying to save money, or you can choose a speedier Express service, such as our 2-5 day FedEx International Drop Off service, which is also available as a Pickup.
IS IT POSSIBLE FOR THE CUSTOMER TO ADD A PROTECTION COVER?
As part of the booking process, the customer can add protection cover to his purchase. So long as the item is not prohibited, it is packed properly and the claim procedure is followed, it will be protected.
Many of the services do not offer protection coverage, while others provide it, and some even offer it for free. The customer can see this information by using the shipping calculator.
Ensure the item isn’t on the prohibited items list or it may be void.
In addition, it is vital to remember that the package will be transported by international carriers, likely to be handled by various customs and airport departments, so make sure it is packaged correctly so that it is well protected and cannot move around inside the box.
Also, some companies use a shipping calculator to determine the cheapest way to ship items door to door.
With full tracking available on almost all of our delivery services, customers can track their packages right up until they reach their destination. In some companies, it is advised to provide the contact number of the recipient so that the courier can contact them if any issues arise during delivery.
In some cases, courier services are delivered to a local Post Office where the recipient will need to pick up the package, such as with DHL eCommerce to remote areas, so providing a working contact number is important.
Shipping through sea routes offers Customs Advice to assist with customs documentation.
Can the client change the shipping address of his order?
Sadly, orders cannot be redirected once they have been dispatched from the warehouse. As a result, it is advisable to provide a suitable shipping address so that the company can deliver in accordance with the delivery schedule.
What happens if the customer returns the product?
After a product is returned, it is kept in isolation for at least 48 hours. A thorough cleaning and disinfection procedure follows before the merchandise is sent back to the warehouse.
Is the online merchandise secure?
The health and well-being of customers is always a priority for respective companies. The merchandise, as well as our employees handling it, are protected by WHO-approved safety guidelines.
Among these are:
1. Regular sanitization of the warehouse.
2. At the front gate, all employees are thermally screened every day.
3. Within the warehouse, a standard distancing policy was followed.
4. Protective gear, including gloves and face masks, should be worn in warehouses.
5. All touchpoints in the warehouse should be stocked with hand sanitizer and disinfectant.
What are the advantages of shipping through the sea route?
The benefits of shipping through sea routes are as follows.
2. Easy to move heavy or large products
3. Easily transport long distances at an affordable price
What are the disadvantages of shipping through the sea route?
There are some disadvantages to this.
1. One of the most significant disadvantages of shipping through sea rates is time – it takes 2. days to get goods from one place to another.
2. For smaller quantities of goods, the price is unsustainable.
Around the world, people have relied on the seas as a means of transportation throughout history. The benefits of sea transport are numerous in today’s globalized shipping industry. With one of the world’s oldest methods of transporting items over long distances, moving goods between ports of call has never been easier. Ships are the best way to move large items or transport your belongings during a move. Shipping through sea routes is much smoother than other means of transit when compared to other modes. Shipments transported by air or land are secure, but they can easily be rolled or lifted into the cargo area of a merchant’s vessel on water. During the ride, it is secured in place and barely moves.
One of the main advantages of sea transport is that it can be the most cost-effective way to move your goods. Maintaining roads and repairing tracks are not necessary. Crossings will not slow down the trip. Compared with other modes of transit, ships can carry a greater load of goods, making them more affordable. Comparatively to other modes of transportation, shipping goods by sea has a lower carbon footprint. Even on long voyages, ship transport usually produces fewer emissions. It requires fewer trips to move the same volume of goods over a longer distance. As a result, sea transport is far more economical and eco-friendly than other ways of moving goods long distances.
A major advantage of sea transport is the secure and safe movement of your items. Hazardous materials or dangerous cargo can be transported by merchant vessels without issue. In transit, containers are locked securely to protect your valuables. Compared to other shipping methods, water transport has the fewest accidents if it is set up correctly. For your next move or shipment of goods of a large volume, sea transport can be a great option.